Pokemon, also known as Pocket Monsters in Japan, is a series of video games developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo as part of the Pokemon media franchise. First released in 1996 in Japan for the Game Boy, the main series of role-playing video games (RPGs), also referred as the “core series” by their developers, has continued on each generation of Nintendo’s handhelds.
The games are commonly released in pairs, each with slight variations, with a remake of the games usually released a few years after the original versions for another console. While the main series consists of RPGs, spin-off games encompass other genres, such as action role-playing, puzzle, fighting, and digital pet games.
As of November 24, 2017, more than 300 million Pokémon games have been sold worldwide on handheld and home consoles, across 76 titles. This makes Pokémon the second best-selling video game franchise, behind Nintendo’s own Mario franchise. In addition, Pokémon has had over 800 million mobile game downloads worldwide.